Tuesday, August 25, 2020
Socrates 2.a) Why does the Athenian jury convict Socrates, and for what reason does Socrates keep up his honesty? b) Do you think it was directly for Socrates to acknowledge his discipline of death without escaping, despite the fact that he thought he was guiltless? The Athenian jury convicts Socrates of debasing the adolescent. They feel that Socrates has prevented the young from having an independent mind. This is conflicting with the laws of the city. Socrates keeps up his guiltlessness for some reasons. One explanation is Socrates didn't consider demise to be a terrible thing. He understood that he would pass on some time or another at any rate, so he didn't fear it. He likewise accepts that the individuals that condemned him will experience the ill effects of his passing, just as the town and understudies. Socrates feels that nobody will cause these individuals self-to reflect. Another explanation Socrates kept up his honesty is on the grounds that it made his showing progressively significant. By him kicking the bucket for what he has confidence in shows to the city and to his understudies that he has confidence in his own Patragas 2 lessons making them likewise have faith in his lessons. Socrates felt that it was disgraceful to foul up. By him conceding he wasn't right then he was conceding that his lessons weren't right. This would annihilate his mission to be the most astute man. I accept that Socrates made the best decision by tolerating his discipline and not escaping. In the event that he would have fled he would have been admitting to his understudies and to the city that he wasn't right and that is the reason he is running. I feel that by tolerating his destiny, he is getting his lessons across in an a lot more grounded way. Socrates doesn't fear demise, so I feel that he isn't being rebuffed. After his demise he will be viewed as perhaps the most astute man to ever live. This was his mission in any case. His understudies and the town's kin will savor his lessons since he is indicating the amount he puts stock in himself, which brings about others having confidence in him moreover. I feel that since Socrates was captured for debasing the young he was given a chance to cement his lessons. By tolerating demise as discipline, Socrates is demonstrating that his lessons are valid and he puts stock in them. Reasoning
Saturday, August 22, 2020
Undertaking Management Processes for a Project Essay In the interest to convey uncommon item programming for inside clients of the organization, the choice of a fitting procedure technique is basic. One of the offices saw that the info information in the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s inner frameworks didn't mirror the real information in other office frameworks. A venture group was created to make another redesigned framework that will support information from the two offices effectively and precisely. The task extent of the venture was to concentrate on the attributes of every division specifics and converge into a useful framework. The task represented certain impediments that settled on the choice to which technique procedures to actualize a significant one. A portion of these obstructions were one of the departmentÃ¢â¬â¢s approaching information that didn't take a similar course contrasted with different offices to enter the primary database. This represented an issue to ensuring that the refreshed programming had the option to get and support the information effectively. What's more, the discoveries had presumed that this specific issue was one of the principle purposes behind the disparities in the old framework. The real errors of information approaching into the old framework naturally would cause distortion over all divisions that wound up creating very of turmoil. In this way, the need to utilize the proper procedure is basic to guarantee that the most troublesome hindrances questions to most would should be tended to viably. The procedure picked was from the Project Management Institute that utilizes the idea of Initiate-Plan Ã¢â¬ Execute Ã¢â¬ Control Ã¢â¬ Close to finish the venture. The PMI procedure showed all the regions of center to all the more likely distinguish, resolve and complete the required errands effectively. The use of the procedures made a chance to collaborate with the colleagues all the more straightforwardly on explicit regions that are yet characterized. Because of the intricate usage of innovation programming that expected to impart information from two distinctive vantage focuses, the PMI forms system took into consideration intends to analyze certain parts adequately. The principal phase of the PMI procedures to start is really an approach to build up an exploration plan, all together, to identify any unanticipated issues or concerns. The examination is a territory that permits all colleagues to address certain worries of the task. The IT division assumed an essential job in giving their vantage purpose of the innovation side for a measure to meet in the last examination. The examination activity gave a chance to see through the various perspectives from a specialized viewpoint that could be confounded through an alternate methods for venture forms. The examination design gives the commencement to discourage any misguided judgment recently associated with the IT division or different offices that could make detours. The PMI procedure to starting with the starting of the venture takes into account the distinguishing proof of all criteriaÃ¢â¬â¢s paving the way to ensuing stages. Along these lines, the action definition went connected at the hip with the examination bit of the task since it fortifies the recognizable proof of the ideal expectations to partners. From there on the emphasis on arranging takes into account the discoveries from the exploration to be a smooth change to assign on whom, what, and when to go further. The real arranging stage helps with having the option to isolate the undertakings from the reliant assignments to guarantee fruition of the expectations. The arranging stages strengthen the recorded information through the commencement for any traps in effectively executing a significant framework update that will bolster more than 5,000 workers. The arranging stage ensures that the following period of execution by the colleagues will be led in an organized procedure because of the inception on looking into the undertaking. Besides, the control stage will tie down a way to not go over spending plan on a significant and complex undertaking because of commencement recently set up. The end of the undertaking will aid the control stages because of the capacity to arrange all assets in a convenient issue and on track.
Karrie Sebring BU531: Session 2 Harvard Article Review Ã¢â¬Å"What Makes an Effective Executive? Ã¢â¬ by Peter F. Drucker What is this article about overall? There is no science on the most proficient method to improve adequacy; viability is a train and thusly can be learned by anybody. Drunker reasons that you donÃ¢â¬â¢t must be a pioneer or have explicit characters, qualities, qualities or convictions to be a successful official. Using the accompanying eight straightforward practices permits administrators to be compelling: Asking, Ã¢â¬Å"What should be finished? Ã¢â¬ Asking, Ã¢â¬Å"What is directly for the endeavor? Ã¢â¬ Developing activity plans Assuming liability for choices Taking duty regarding imparting Focusing on circumstances as opposed to issues Running beneficial gatherings Speaking as Ã¢â¬Å"WeÃ¢â¬ instead of Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬ The initial two practices give administrators the information they need. The following four assist them with changing over this information into viable activity. The last two guarantee that the entire association feels dependable and responsible. What are the basic focuses in this article? Officials need to approach what is directly for the venture, as opposed to what is directly for the proprietors, stock value, the workers or the administrators. Posing this inquiry doesn't ensure the right choice will be made; anyway inability to pose this inquiry will about assurance an inappropriate choice. Information is futile until it has been converted into activities however activities need to initially be wanted to distinguish potential restrictions and suggestions. The activity plan ought to be an announcement of aim instead of duty and ought to be updated frequently in light of the fact that each achievement and disappointment makes new chances. The activity plan needs to have a framework for checking results against desires. In conclusion, the activity plan needs to turn into the reason for the executiveÃ¢â¬â¢s time the board, which is an executiveÃ¢â¬â¢s generally rare and significant asset. Officials need to assume liability for imparting; administrators need to share their arrangements, request criticism and demonstrate particulars on what data they need from their subordinates to take care of business. Great administrators center around circumstances as opposed to issues; they treat change as an open door instead of a danger. Viable administrators guarantee issues don't overpower openings and put their best individuals onopportunity undertakings. Officials must make gatherings gainful and guarantee that gatherings are work meetings as opposed to bull meetings. A couple of key notes are to choose ahead of time what sort of meeting every meeting will be, end every meeting when the reason has been practiced and finally, follow-up on each gathering. Viable officials have authority since they have the trust of the association and in this way think about the associations needs and openings before their own. In conclusion, one principle stands; tune in before you talk. How might you apply what you figured out how to business? What Makes an Effective Executive Karrie Sebring BU531: Session 2 Harvard Article Review Ã¢â¬Å"What Makes an Effective Executive? Ã¢â¬ by Peter F. Drucker What is this article about in general? There is no science on the best way to improve adequacy; viability is a train and accordingly can be learned by anybody. Drunker reasons that you donÃ¢â¬â¢t must be a pioneer or have explicit characters, qualities, qualities or convictions to be a successful official. Using the accompanying eight straightforward practices permits administrators to be compelling: Asking, Ã¢â¬Å"What should be finished? Ã¢â¬ Asking, Ã¢â¬Å"What is directly for the endeavor? Ã¢â¬ Developing activity plans Assuming liability for choices Taking duty regarding conveying Focusing on circumstances instead of issues Running gainful gatherings Speaking as Ã¢â¬Å"WeÃ¢â¬ as opposed to Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬ The initial two practices give officials the information they need. The following four assist them with changing over this information into viable activity. The last two guarantee that the entire association feels mindful and responsible. What are the basic focuses in this article? Officials need to approach what is directly for the venture, instead of what is directly for the proprietors, stock value, the workers or the administrators. Posing this inquiry doesn't ensure the right choice will be made; anyway inability to pose this inquiry will about assurance an inappropriate choice. Information is pointless until it has been converted into activities however activities need to initially be wanted to distinguish potential restrictions and suggestions. The activity plan ought to be an announcement of expectation as opposed to responsibility and ought to be reexamined regularly on the grounds that each achievement and disappointment makes new chances. The activity plan needs to have a framework for checking results against desires. In conclusion, the activity plan needs to turn into the reason for the executiveÃ¢â¬â¢s time the board, which is an executiveÃ¢â¬â¢s generally rare and important asset. Officials need to assume liability for imparting; administrators need to share their arrangements, request criticism and show points of interest on what data they need from their subordinates to take care of business. Great officials center around circumstances as opposed to issues; they treat change as an open door instead of a danger. Viable officials guarantee issues don't overpower openings and put their best individuals onopportunity errands. Administrators must make gatherings profitable and guarantee that gatherings are work meetings as opposed to bull meetings. A couple of key notes are to choose ahead of time what sort of meeting every meeting will be, end every meeting when the reason has been cultivated and finally, follow-up on each gathering. Successful administrators have authority since they have the trust of the association and accordingly think about the associations needs and openings before their own. Finally, one guideline stands; tune in before you talk. How might you apply what you figured out how to business?
Friday, August 21, 2020
Item Liability Item Liability Consistently American shoppers buy items that they feel are helpful to there advancement. Where that falsehoods relies upon the shopper. In any case, One subordinate variable is a steady with regards to buying the item. That variable is whether the item is directly for them. At the point when the customer buys an item, they are at risk for whatever disasters may happen and mishaps that may occur. Be that as it may, makers are not totally liberated from the obligation of their item to their shoppers. This is the place item obligation lawful issues originate from, a section of the law which has seen its charge portion of unrest and troubles. Item obligation is the maker's prerequisite to caution the shopper of and any potential difficulties related with the item. This is generally finished with a notice mark joined to the item, or is found through flyer structure in the guidance manual. Sports and recreational gear cause genuine wounds ordinary. There are numerous explanations behind the reason for injury, yet most instances of injury are because of item abandons. These imperfections are assembling, structure, and inability to sufficiently caution. Other than the item surrenders, customers are presented to different types of potential accidents, which are carelessness, penetrate of guarantee, and severe tort legitimate duty. Since America is a general public to a great extent subordinate upon the outside methods in which to engage themselves, numerous Americans are transforming from the easygoing observer to that of the abundant participator. Along these lines, the quantity of mishaps related with items has risen. In this way, so have the legal disputes and preliminaries. Item obligation becomes possibly the most important factor when the item breaks, or doesn't perform up to guideline gauges set out by the maker. In a bigger number of cases than not, there is some type of injury continued because of item deformity or cases. So to put it plainly, the meaning of item risk is the obligation of the producer to the client if the utilization of its item brings about close to home injury or property harm (Legal Concepts, 122). Sports and recreational gear cause genuine wounds regular. There are numerous explanations behind the reason for injury, however most instances of injury are because of item abandons (Swartz). These deformities are assembling, structure, and inability to sufficiently caution. As I have just expressed in the start of this examination, item risk has three principle speculations under which recuperation can be made. These recuperations are: ? Carelessness ? Severe obligation ? Break of guarantee Carelessness is the understanding that the maker or producer has the obligation or obligation to applicate a sensible level of care. Numerous individuals neglect to understand that a carelessness activity in not under an obligation to protect that its item won't cause injury; rather, the item just must be sensibly sheltered. The most widely recognized rate of carelessness is the makers inability to review or test an item. Another normal rates of carelessness is the respondents inability to adequately alert the client of the perils the litigant thought about. Another is penetrate of guarantee. Studies have demonstrated that the consideration taken by producers to warrant sensible procedure to the buyer has a ton to be wanted. From 1982 to 1984 there were 161 passings and 128,000 wounds brought about by ATV's . This absence of obligation can be as a lot to fault for there touchiness as it does to their showcasing misuses. One of the most widely recognized rates of carelessness related with items in the makers inability to investigate or test the item. While investigating the item could have prompted disclosure of a physical issue causing deformity, the maker is at risk. McCormick V. Lowe and Campbell Athletic Goods revealed an assortment of components on the sensibility of the assessment. These components can incorporate industry progresses, the earnestness of the conceivable damage, the probability of the conceivable mischief, and the practicality of the investigation. In McCormick V. Lowe, the offended party asserted the litigant organization outfitted a vaulting shaft that broke while the offended party was endeavoring to utilize it. The offended party brought a carelessness activity to recuperate the wounds he continued in the fall that brought about the sub-par item. The court held that a producer of an item is under an obligation to practice conventional consideration to test items to decide if such items contain deserts,
Monday, July 27, 2020
Introducing the Class of 2013 Christy 13 Im frequently asked about the students that are admitted to MIT. Who are they? What is their story? Beginning today, Im going to be posting a series of articles about incoming MIT students. These articles mostly come from local newspapers. The stories are pretty inspirational, and the students are going to be great members of the MIT community. A few notes on these articles: The students profiled so far, I have 13 student-articles are not demographically representative of MIT. Some groups, like athletes, seem somewhat overrepresented, while other groups, like Californians (California, of course, is our largest represented state in the class), are very underrepresented. For a full look at the demographics of the Class of 2013, see the Freshman Class Profile (freshly updated!). A number of the journalists focus on the financial aid packages of the students as if they are merit scholarships. Please remember that at MIT, we only award need-based scholarships, and we meet the full financial need of every student. The 13 articles I have compiled come from my Google and Yahoo news feeds. If theres an article about you or a friend that youd like to see here, let me know! The profiled students to date: Christy Swartz 13 Terence Dalbert 13 Sean Fannin 13 Jonte Craighead 13 Chandler and Taylor Burfield 13 Trevor Zinser 13 Henrique de Oliveira Pinto Pondv © 13 Chika Ugboh 13 Qinxuan Pan 13 Scott Landers 13 Cory Ward 13 Edner Paul 13 Jeremy Dalcin 13 Bee Vang 13 The Class of 2009: Science whiz knows just where she belongs: MIT By Eric Stevick, Herald Writer Sunday, June 7, 2009 Stanwood High School graduating senior Christy Swartz. [Michael OLeary / The Herald] STANWOOD Christy Swartz could appreciate the symbolism. On March 14, at 1:59 p.m., the Stanwood High School senior received an e-mail from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology letting her know she had been accepted to the university renowned for its math and science. The month, day and time the e-mail was sent translate to 3.14159, better known as pi, the mathematical symbol for the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter. I loved that, said Christy, 17, who sees math and science everywhere, be it the sound waves from the harp she plays or the dimensions and composition of a homemade trombone she built for a science project. People see confusion between the arts and science, she said. I see them as interrelated. Its just a matter of seeing the connection. During her freshman year at Stanwood High, Christy set her sights on MIT after reading a story in Scientific American magazine about students with a passion for math and problem-solving. I thought, Oh my gosh, I belong with those people. It became an obsession. It always has been my dream. Christy, one of four valedictorians at Stanwood High, is considering studying physics and electrical engineering at MIT, but shes already had her hands in meaningful science. She and classmates Jimmy Besancon and Derek Britain recently won $10,000 in a statewide technology competition at Washington State University based on their work converting tidal energy from Saratoga Passage into usable power that charges a 12-volt battery. Half their winnings go to their school, but they get to split $5,000. They spent 250 hours on their project. To Christy, the pursuit of math and science and taking the toughest classes her school offers is worth it. If you love something, its not hard, she said. Its just fun and challenging.
Sunday, June 28, 2020
Identity Crisis in a Racist World as reflected by Toni Morrison in The Bluest Eye Abstract The present paper is an attempt to study the thematic concerns of the novel The Bluest Eye by Toni Morrison. In her first novel The Bluest Eye (1970), Toni Morrison has shown thrown light on the black consciousness of the 1960s that was characterized by identity crisis resultant of struggle for personal and racial identity. The novel revolves around the tragic tale of a young black girl who has a staunch desire for a pair of blue eyes because she considers by having blue eyes she will become beautiful and worthy. Morrison brings forth the disastrous effects of inter race prejudice upon innocent black girls who are left traumatized bereft of any individuality. Introduction Toni Morrison was passionately inclined to writing endowed with a new insight into black history, the great suffering and trauma suffered by her race. She wanted her novels to serve the purpose of a reformer in the right sense of the term. She felt the oppression that the black people have been subjected to, is something highly disturbing in nature that the blacks consider it is the lack of beauty aspects in them which is the cause of their disgrace and humiliation. The blacks wishing to have beauty aspects like blue eyes, blond hair and white skin on par with the whites is the central idea in the novel. It is a profoundly sensitive issue to the blacks and it is a tragic condition for them in a racist social order. The novel centers on racism; black stands for something dark, evil, and bad while white stands for purity, virtue, hope and innocence. Morrison brings into focus that racism tarnishes the self image of the black girls and leaves adverse psychological effects in their psyche. The protagonist of the novel The Bluest Eye, Pecola Breedlove belongs to a poor black family and yearns for blue eyes like white children so that there would be mutual reciprocation of her feelings, and attitude on par with the whites. She wants to be loved and accepted by both the whites and blacks. She feels that absence of complexion and blue eyes is the main reason for poor personality. She is forced to long for blue eyes like those of white children and surrounded by cultural message that she is ugly by definition; she can achieve peace only by retreating into schizophrenia. The agony and pain of Pecola is all the more worse when her own father outraged her modesty. She is made to live a life of fetters for no fault of her own. The people around her view her as a pitiable person reduced to nothing. Her desire is something which cannot be fulfilled. The world that Pecola lives in is one which reduces persons to mere objects. Toni Morrison exposes the radical effects of racism on the black girls. The pitiable plight of Pecola is the outcome of fierce racism and interracial conflicts of myths. The failure of Pecola is not only because of her hopeless desire for blue eyes but it is also because of her lack of self confidence. She has a deep rooted feeling that she is ugly and the intensity of feeling is such that she finds it difficult to uproot it even from her sub conscious mind. When such a feeling is accompanied by external humiliation it is her inferior complex that gets aggravated. Her mother calls her ugly since her childhood days and her father hates her because she is ugly. Her parents fail to give Pecola the necessary love and affection. Pecolas struggle for identity is defined by her everlasting desire to be loved. Her family and community made it impossible for her to be ever sanely content. Cholly Breedlove, the father and eventually the rapist of Pecola is a bastard. He was born to an unwed mother, his father ran away the day of his birth and his mother abandoned him three days later. This horrible beginning reflects his every day views and actions. After the death of his legal guardian (his aunt), Cholly decides that as an inner mission he needs to find his father to find himself. To understand who he is, he has to look into his past; a long search ends in an extremely disappointing and crushing experience. Chollys private life is still painful. Being a black victim he is forced to have sex with two white police officers. Forcing him to have sex they just chuckled from behind. These episodes left a huge impact on him that eventually caused him to do something that would not have happened had he had proper guidance in those areas. Chollys family and his community contributed in making the man he became and thus his eventual downfall. Almost all characters in The Bluest Eye are after something. Having lost themselves they look in for their identity. Pecola yearns for blue eyes. At the end of the novel she believes that she has those eyes. She thinks that people treat her funny because of her blue eyes and she has learned to accept that happily. She yearned for the acceptance and love of society seen through her eyes. No matter if that acceptance and love were there or not, she thought it was and therefore was able to survive. Pecolas search for her identity ends in her insanity. Although she is not accepted by society for reasons she does not understand, she puts exclusion from society into terms she can comprehend. Society influences her identity and moulds her into what she becomes by not giving her the guidance and approval she needs. In the same way Cholly found himself separated from the community. He does an act of inhumanity and he could not live with the realization of the monster he had become and he disappeared. As a man he does not know who he is. W. E. Du Bois in his book, The Souls of Black Folk gauges the deleterious impact of racism on cultural self consciousness and identity. The term, ?double consciousness, refers to two distinct realitiesa psychological conflict between opposing cultural world views and debilitating resolution in which extremely derived and distorted perceptions of the self constitute a single, but alienated self- consciousness. Du Bois further notes that it is a peculiar sensation, this double consciousness, this sense of always looking at ones self through the eyes of others. The Bluest Eye inspired a climate of revolution and evolving black consciousness of the sixties, a period characterized by an almost evangelical struggle for personal and racial identity. Morrison chooses the obsession of the blacks with an American standard of beauty that seems both inescapable and destructive. The novelist states that that concept of physical beauty as a virtue is one of the dumbest, most pernicious and destructive ideas of the western world.
Friday, May 22, 2020
In the year 1572, Ugo Boncompagni became Pope Gregory XIII and there was a crisis of the calendar - one of Christianitys most important dates was falling behind with respect to the seasons. Easter, which is based on the date of the vernal equinox (the first day of Spring), was being celebrated too early in the month of March. The cause of this calendrical confusion was the over 1,600 year-old Julian calendar, established by Julius Caesar in the year 46 BCE. Julius Caesar took control over the chaotic Roman calendar, which was being exploited by politicians and others with the haphazard addition of days or months. It was a calendar horribly out-of-synch with the seasons of the earth, which are the result of the rotation of the earth around the sun. Caesar developed a new calendar of 364 1/4 days, closely approximating the length of the tropical year (the time it takes the earth to go around the sun from the beginning of spring to the beginning of spring). Caesars calendar was normally 365 days long but included an extra day (a leap day) every four years to account for the extra one-quarter of a day. The intercalary (inserted into the calendar) day was added prior to February 25 each year. Unfortunately, while Caesars calendar was almost accurate, it wasnt quite accurate enough because the tropical year is not 365 days and 6 hours (365.25 days), but is approximately 365 days 5 hours 48 minutes, and 46 seconds (365.242199 days). Therefore, the calendar of Julius Caesar was 11 minutes and 14 seconds too slow. This added up to be a full day off every 128 years. While it took from 46 BCE to 8 CE to get Caesars calendar functioning properly (initially leap years were being celebrated every three years instead of every four), by the time of Pope Gregory XIII the one day every 128 years added up to a full ten days of error in the calendar. (Purely by luck did the Julian calendar happen to celebrate leap years on years divisible by four - during Caesars time, the numbered years of today didnt exist). A serious change needed to take place and Pope Gregory XIII decided to repair the calendar. Gregory was aided by astronomers in developing a calendar that would be more accurate than the Julian calendar. The solution they developed was almost perfect. Continue on Page Two. The new Gregorian calendar would continue to be comprised of 365 days with an intercalary added every four years (moved to after February 28 to make things easier) but there would be no leap year in years ending in 00 unless those years were divisible by 400. Therefore, the years 1700, 1800, 1900, and 2100 would not be a leap year but the years 1600 and 2000 would. This change was so accurate that today, scientists need only add leap seconds every few years to the clock in order to keep the calendar matching the tropical year. Pope Gregory XIII issued a papal bull, Inter Gravissimus on February 24, 1582 that established the Gregorian calendar as the new and official calendar of the Catholic world. Since the Julian calendar had fallen ten days behind over the centuries, Pope Gregory XIII designated that October 4, 1582 would be officially followed by October 15, 1582. The news of the calendar change was disseminated across Europe. Not only would the new calendar be utilized but ten days would be lost forever, the new year would now begin on January 1 instead of March 25, and there would be a new method of determining the date of Easter. Only a few countries were ready or willing to change to the new calendar in 1582. It was adopted that year in Italy, Luxembourg, Portugal, Spain, and France. The Pope was forced to issue a reminder on November 7 to nations that they should change their calendars and many did not heed the call. Had the calendar change been promulgated a century earlier, more countries would have been under Catholic rule and would have heeded the Popes command. By 1582, Protestantism had spread across the continent and politics and religion were in disarray; additionally, the Eastern Orthodox Christian countries would not change for many years. Other countries later joined the fray over the following centuries. Roman Catholic Germany, Belgium, and the Netherlands switched by 1584; Hungary changed in 1587; Denmark and Protestant Germany switched by 1704; Great Britain and its colonies changed in 1752; Sweden changed in 1753; Japan changed in 1873 as part of Meijis Westernization; Egypt changed in 1875; Albania, Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, and Turkey all changed between 1912 and 1917; the Soviet Union changed in 1919; Greece switched to the Gregorian calendar in 1928; and finally, China changed to the Gregorian calendar after their revolution of 1949! Change wasnt always easy, however. In Frankfurt as well as London, people rioted over the loss of days in their lives. With each change to the calendar around the world, laws established that people could not be taxed, paid, nor would interest accrue over the missing days. It was decreed that deadlines still had to take place in the correct number of natural days following the transition. In Great Britain, Parliament legislated the change to the Gregorian calendar (by this time simply called the New Style calendar) in 1751 after two unsuccessful attempts at change in 1645 and 1699. They decreed that September 2, 1752 would be followed by September 14, 1752. Britain needed to add eleven days instead of ten because by the time Britain changed, the Julian calendar was eleven days off the Gregorian calendar and tropic year. This 1752 change also applied to the American colonies of Britain so the change was made in the pre-United States and pre-Canada at that time. Alaska didnt change calendars until 1867, when it transferred from a Russian territory to a part of the United States. In the era after the change, dates were written with O.S. (Old Style) or N.S. (New Style) following the day so people examining records could understand whether they were looking at a Julian date or a Gregorian date. While George Washington was born on February 11, 1731 (O.S.), his birthday became February 22, 1732 (N.S.) under the Gregorian calendar. The change in the year of his birth was due to the change of when the change of the new year was acknowledged. Recall that prior to the Gregorian calendar, March 25 was the new year but once the new calendar was implemented, it became January 1. Therefore, since Washington was born between January 1 and March 25, the year of his birth became one year later upon the switch to the Gregorian calendar. (Prior to the 14th century, the new year change took place on December 25.) Today, we rely on the Gregorian calendar to keep us almost perfectly in line with the rotation of the earth around the sun. Imagine the disruption to our daily lives if a new calendar change were required in this most modern era!